The reference site for Dicyclomine

Dicycloverine, also known as dicyclomine, is a prescription medication that relieves muscle spasms in the gastrointestinal tract through an apparent mechanism of nonselective smooth muscle relaxation, and that presents a range of anticholinergic side effects.

WHAT IS Dicyclomine?

Dicyclomine relieves spasms of the gastrointestinal tract (stomach and intestines) by blocking the actions of spasm-causing chemicals in the body. Dicyclomine is used to treat functional bowel, irritable bowel syndrome(IBS) or urinary spasms. It is used to reduce contraction of the muscles in the intestines.

This medicine is in a class of drugs called anticholinergics. These drugs block the effects of acetylcholine, the chemical transmitter that nerves release in order to cause muscles to contract. They prevent contraction of the muscles by blocking the acetylcholine receptors on the muscle cells. Anticholinergic drugs also have a direct relaxing effect on muscle.

It is sold under the trade names Bentylol® (Hoechst Marion Roussel), Formulex® (ICN), and Lomine® (Riva).

 

Brand Name(s): Bemote; Bentyl; Di-Spaz
CAS nº: 1501-82-2
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Product Info

The sections below will provide you with more specific information and guidelines related to dicyclomine and its correct use. Please read them carefully.

FDA Information

Dicyclomine was approved by the FDA in 1950.  This medecine requires a prescription.

Why is this medication prescribed?

Dicyclomine relieves spasms of the gastrointestinal tract (stomach and intestines) by blocking the actions of spasm-causing chemicals in the body. Dicyclomine is used to treat functional bowel, irritable bowel syndrome(IBS) or urinary spasms. It is used to reduce contraction of the muscles in the intestines.

This medicine is in a class of drugs called anticholinergics. These drugs block the effects of acetylcholine, the chemical transmitter that nerves release in order to cause muscles to contract. They prevent contraction of the muscles by blocking the acetylcholine receptors on the muscle cells. Anticholinergic drugs also have a direct relaxing effect on muscle.

It is sold under the trade names Bentylol® (Hoechst Marion Roussel), Formulex® (ICN), and Lomine® (Riva).

Other uses for this medicine

This medication has not been approved for any alternative uses other than those mentioned in the product information section.

Dosage and using this medicine

Dicyclomine comes as a capsule, tablet, and oral liquid. Dicyclomine is usually taken four times a day.

Take dicyclomine exactly as directed by your doctor. If you do not understand these directions, ask your pharmacist, nurse, or doctor to explain them to you.

Take each dose with a full glass of water.

To ensure that you get a correct dose, measure the liquid form of dicyclomine with a special dose-measuring spoon or cup, not with a regular tablespoon. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist where you can get one.

What special precautions should I follow?

Before taking Dicyclomine:

Tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following medicines: amantadine (Symmetrel); quinidine (Quinaglute, Cardioquin, Quinora, Quinidex); antihistamines such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl, many others), brompheniramine (Dimetapp, Bromfed, many others), triprolidine (Actifed, others), and chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton, others), which are found in many over-the-counter and prescription cough, cold, and allergy medications; decongestants and appetite suppressants such as phenylpropanolamine (Dexatrim, others), phenylephrine (Neo-Synephrine, others), and pseudoephedrine (Sudafed, others), which are also found in many over-the-counter and prescription products; phenothiazines such as chlorpromazine (Thorazine) and prochlorperazine (Compazine); other commonly used phenothiazines, including fluphenazine (Prolixin), mesoridazine (Serentil), perphenazine (Trilafon), thioridazine (Mellaril), trifluoperazine (Stelazine), and promazine (Sparine); benzodiazepines (sleep and anxiety medications) such as alprazolam (Xanax) and diazepam (Valium); other commonly used benzodiazepines, including chlordiazepoxide (Librium), clorazepate (Tranxene), clonazepam (Klonopin), estazolam (Prosom), flurazepam (Dalmane), halazepam (Paxipam), lorazepam (Ativan), oxazepam (Serax), prazepam (Centrax), quazepam (Doral), temazepam (Restoril), and triazolam (Halcion); monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) such as isocarboxazid (Marplan), tranylcypromine (Parnate), and phenelzine (Nardil); narcotic analgesics such as codeine (Tylenol), and many other prescription pain relievers), morphine (MS Contin, Roxanol, Astramorph, Duramorph), hydrocodone (Vicodin), and propoxyphene (Darvocet, Darvon, Wygesic); nitrates such as isosorbide dinitrate (Isordil, Sorbitrate) and isosorbide mononitrate (Imdur, ISMO); tricyclic antidepressants such as amitriptyline (Elavil, Endep), doxepin (Sinequan), and nortriptyline (Pamelor); or other commonly used tricyclic antidepressants, including: amoxapine (Asendin), clomipramine (Anafranil), desipramine (Norpramin), imipramine (Tofranil), protriptyline (Vivactil), and trimipramine (Surmontil). These drugs may increase the side effects of dicyclomine.

Tell your doctor if you have numbness or tingling in your hands or feet; liver disease; kidney disease; ulcerative colitis; thyroid problems; high blood pressure, an irregular heartbeat, or any type of heart disease; hiatal hernia; enlargement of the prostate; a blockage of your urinary tract (difficulty urinating); a blockage in your intestines; reflux disease; glaucoma or myasthenia gravis.

Dicyclomine may increase the level of digoxin (Lanoxin, Lanoxicaps) in your blood. Tell your doctor if you are taking digoxin so that your digoxin levels can be monitored and changes in your dosage can be made if necessary.

Do not take dicyclomine if you have a blockage of your urinary tract (difficulty urinating); a blockage in your intestines; reflux disease; glaucoma; or myasthenia gravis.

Use caution when driving, operating machinery, or performing other hazardous activities. Dicyclomine may cause dizziness, drowsiness, or blurred vision. If you experience dizziness, drowsiness, or blurred vision, avoid these activities.

Use alcohol cautiously. Alcohol may increase drowsiness and dizziness while you are taking dicyclomine.

Avoid becoming overheated in hot weather. Dicyclomine increases the risk of heat stroke because it decreases sweating.

Dicyclomine is in the FDA pregnancy category B. This means that it is unlikely to harm an unborn baby. Do not take dicyclomine without first talking to your doctor if you are pregnant.

Do not take dicyclomine if you are breast-feeding a baby. Dicyclomine can cause serious breathing problems in infants younger than 6 months of age.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember it. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Possible side effects from dicyclomine include:

diarrhea or loose stools
nausea
abdominal pain
vomiting

Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:

headache, dizziness or lightheadedness
weakness or nervousness
blurred vision, large pupils
rash or itching
difficulty urinating
decreased sweating
nasal congestion, stuffiness or a dry mouth

If you experience any of the following symptoms, call your doctor immediately:

an allergic reaction (difficulty breathing; closing of your throat; swelling of your lips, tongue, or face; or hives)
an irregular or fast heart rate

Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome.

What storage conditions are needed for this medicine?

Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom).

Throw away any medication that is outdated or no longer needed. Talk to your pharmacist about the proper disposal of your medication.

In case of an emergency/overdose

In case of overdose, call your local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. If the victim has collapsed or is not breathing, call local emergency services at 911.

Symptoms of overdose may include:

headache
nausea
vomiting
dry mouth
difficulty swallowing
blurred vision
dilated pupils
hot, dry skin
dizziness
drowsiness
confusion
anxiety
seizures
weak pulse
irregular heartbeat

Product Images

PICTURES OF Dicyclomine PILLS

Below you will find images and specific information on the principal types of dicyclomine that exist, including their respective brand name(s), strength, inscription codes and manufacturers.

The information below includes general information and guidelines for patients taking this medication and should never be used to substitute professional medical advice that can be provided by a qualified physician or family doctor.

Name: DICYCLOMINE
Strength(s): 10 MG
Imprint: WATSON 10 MG
Manufacturer: WATSON LABS

Name: DICYCLOMINE
Strength(s): 10 MG
Imprint: WEST-WARD 3126
Manufacturer: WEST-WARD,INC.

Name: DICYCLOMINE
Strength(s): 10 MG
Imprint: MYLAN 1610
Manufacturer: MYLAN

Name: DICYCLOMINE
Strength(s): 10 MG
Imprint:  LAN 9586
Manufacturer: LANNETT CO. INC

Name: BENTYL®
Strength(s): 20 MG
Imprint: BENTYL 20
Manufacturer: AXCAN SCANDIPHA

Name: DICYCLOMINE
Strength(s): 20 MG
Imprint: LAN 1282
Manufacturer: LANNETT CO. INC

Name: DICYCLOMINE
Strength(s): 20 MG
Imprint: M D6
Manufacturer: MYLAN

Name: DICYCLOMINE
Strength(s): 20 MG
Imprint: WATSON 795
Manufacturer: WATSON LABS

Name: DICYCLOMINE
Strength(s): 20 MG
Imprint: WW 21
Manufacturer: WEST-WARD,INC.

 

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